“The computer services industry in India is increasingly catering to the domestic market, leveraging expertise gained from exporting, while at the same time reducing an over-reliance on such exports,” stated the report by the United Nations Conference on Trade and Development (UNCTAD).
Noting that India ranked fourth in terms of growth in the share of the ICT sector’s value added in GDP between 2010 and 2017, the report said, “The domestic market for computer services in the country is forecast to grow faster than their exports, fuelled by the government’s Digital India programme, its burgeoning start-up and venture capital scene and increased computer use by the MSMEs (Micro, Small and Medium Enterprises).”
The first-ever Digital Economy Report said the size of the global digital economy range from 4.5 to 15.5 per cent of world GDP. Regarding value added in the information and communications technology (ICT) sector, the US and China together account for almost 40 per cent of the world total.
In terms of value added, the US has the world’s largest ICT sector at about a trillion dollars, almost twice the size of the second largest, China.
The report said within the ICT sector, computer services are the largest component, with a 40 per cent share of total value added. The global computer services industry is dominated by the US. Its share of the sector’s value added is almost as big as that of the combined total of the next nine largest economies, the report said. “India has the largest share among developing countries in this context,” it said.
On an individual economy basis, some economies saw growth in the share of the ICT sector”s value added in their GDP between 2010 and 2017. Taiwan ranked first, owing to growth in ICT manufacturing.
India ranked fourth, with growth driven mainly by computer services. Ireland tops the list of countries in terms of value added in computer services as a share of GDP by quite a significant margin, reflecting the strong presence of regional offices of US digital companies, followed by Sweden. Unlike for other parts of the ICT sector for this indicator, only India among the developing countries features among the top 10.